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International Comparative Education (ICE)

What is ICE?

The International Comparative Education (ICE) concentration is a multidisciplinary, international, cross-cultural program of training that places educational problems into an international and comparative framework.

Doctoral and Master's programs


Photo of female student

"Core IEPA coursework provided a comprehensive, interdisciplinary knowledge base with which to think critically about both international education issues and international development more broadly. I had the opportunity to take advanced quantitative and qualitative methods classes alongside doctoral students, both inside and outside of the GSE."

Hannah D’Apice, IEPA MA '17

Photo of Shelby Searles

"The ICE/IEPA program provides many skill-based courses which are integral to the international development and ICE fields. During the program, I took a wide range of courses including qualitative and quantitative methods, economics of education, a workshop on international education policy, and many theory-based courses related to ID and ICE, all of which have helped to expand my understanding of international education and develop my ability to critically analyze current education policies."

Shelby Searles, ICE MA '17

Michelle Reddy

"Before coming to Stanford, I never imagined that I would come to enjoy quantitative research methods. The excellent and supportive learning environment at the GSE enabled me to try new things, like learning coding and taking many quantitative methods courses. As a mixed-methods researcher, I focus on organizational change and social transformation in developing countries, looking specifically at the development of the non-profit sector."

Michelle Reddy, ICE Doctoral Candidate