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International Comparative Education (ICE)

What is ICE?

The International Comparative Education (ICE) concentration is a multidisciplinary, international, cross-cultural program of training that places educational problems into an international and comparative framework.

Doctoral and Master's programs


"The most amazing part of the program, however, is the constant support that I’ve received from everyone here--- my advisors, all the faculty I’ve worked with, and my colleagues- both in the ICE program and at the GSE and Stanford in general. Since coming to Stanford, I have had the opportunity to work on a range of research projects and have had diverse teaching experiences."

Nadine Ann Skinner, ICE Doctoral Candidate

Photo of female student

"Core IEPA coursework provided a comprehensive, interdisciplinary knowledge base with which to think critically about both international education issues and international development more broadly. I had the opportunity to take advanced quantitative and qualitative methods classes alongside doctoral students, both inside and outside of the GSE."

Hannah D’Apice, IEPA MA '17

Photo of Shelby Searles

"The ICE/IEPA program provides many skill-based courses which are integral to the international development and ICE fields. During the program, I took a wide range of courses including qualitative and quantitative methods, economics of education, a workshop on international education policy, and many theory-based courses related to ID and ICE, all of which have helped to expand my understanding of international education and develop my ability to critically analyze current education policies."

Shelby Searles, ICE MA '17