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Faculty members

Nicole Ardoin

Nicole Ardoin
Nicole Ardoin
Academic Title 
Associate Professor
Other Titles 

Emmett Family Faculty Scholar

Sykes Family E-IPER Director, Emmett Interdisciplinary Program in Environment and Resources (E-IPER)

Contact Information
(650) 721-2231
EDUC 212
To schedule an appointment, contact Gabby Magana, E-IPER Administrative Associate: gmagana at
Program Affiliations 

The Summen Project: Coastal Fog-mediated Interactions Between Climate Change, Upwelling, and Coast Redwood Resilience (2016–2020; funded by NSF Coastal SEES Program; in partnership with UC Merced, UC Berkeley, Carnegie, Oregon State University)

Program Practices Influencing Environmental Literacy: Key Considerations as Suggested in the Research Literature (2016–2018; funded by the Pisces Foundation)

Girls Learning Environment and Energy (GLEE): Dissemination and Sustainability (2016–2018; funded by the Environmental Ventures Project fund of the Woods Institute for the Environment; in collaboration with Dr. Tom Robinson, Stanford University School of Medicine)

Hybrid Physical and Digital Spaces for Enhanced Sustainability and Wellbeing, Stanford Catalyst for Collaborative Solutions (2018–2020, funded by Stanford Catalyst for Collaborative Solutions, PI: Sarah Billington, Civil and Environmental Engineering, with co-PIs from Engineering, Computer Science, Psychology)

Blue Habits (Phase II): Leveraging Behavioral Science to Support Pro-Ocean Behaviors (2018–2019, funded by Booking Cares Fund. In partnership with The Oceanic Society)

Connection to Nature Assessment Project (2018–2020, funded by Pisces Foundation, in collaboration with University of Florida, NAAEE, and Children & Nature Network)

Research and Practice: Students and Land Managers Collaborating for Solutions (2017–2019; funded by Realizing Environmental Innovations Projects, Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment. Co-PI: Deborah Gordon, Biology, Stanford)

Research and Practice: Theoretical, Empirical, and Practical Considerations; ee360: Leadership and Training Collaborative (2017–2021, funded by US EPA, lead partner, North American Association for Environmental Education)

eeWorks: Examining the body of evidence for environmental education with regard to conservation, academic outcomes, civic engagement, and positive youth development (2015–2018, funded by North American Association for Environmental Education, US EPA, Fish and Wildlife Service, and others)

Nicole Ardoin, Emmett Family Faculty Scholar, is an associate professor in the Graduate School of Education and a senior fellow in the Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment. She is the Sykes Family Faculty Director of the Emmett Interdisciplinary Program in Environment and Resources in the School of Earth, Energy, and Environmental Sciences. A unifying theme across Prof. Ardoin’s work is an interest in environmental learning as an avenue to engage individuals and communities in sustainability-related practices in the short and long term. To this end, Prof. Ardoin’s research focuses on motivations for and barriers to environmental behavior, as well as the use of social science theoretical frames, such as environmental identity, social norms, and connection to place, to engage people in environmental conservation. Prof. Ardoin's research group, the Social Ecology Lab, is highly interdisciplinary, drawing researchers from across campus with common interests in addressing the nexus of human/environmental systems. Lab members work with a range of national and international nonprofit organizations and collaborate with community partners, frequently theorizing and acting at the research/practice boundary.

  • Ph.D., Forestry & Environmental Studies (Social Ecology), Yale University
  • M.Phil., Forestry & Environmental Studies (Social Ecology), Yale University
  • M.S., Natural Resource Management (Environmental Education & Interpretation), University of Wisconsin, Stevens Point
  • B.B.A., International Business & French, James Madison University

Environmental Consultant (International conservation projects and research, exhibition design/development, environmental and conservation program evaluation, professional development)

Education Specialist and Exhibition Developer, World Wildlife Fund (DC)

Museum Educator, Discovery Creek Children's Museum of Washington (DC)

Interpretive Ranger, Student Conservation Association & Grand Canyon National Park (AZ)

  • Theory and Practice of Environmental Education (Spring)
  • Science and Environmental Education in Informal Settings (Winter)
  • Research Approaches for Environmental Problem Solving (Spring)
  • Qualitative Interviewing (Winter)
  • Open Space Practicum (Autumn)
  • Capstone Course for Environment & Energy MS Students (Autumn, Winter, Spring)
  • Social Ecology Lab Group (Ongoing throughout academic year)
  • Sense of Place Seminar 
  • Environmental Learning and Environmental Behavior Seminar
  • Interdisciplinary Environmental Problem Solving 
  • Sophomore College: Water in the West: A trip down the Colorado River through the Grand Canyon

Gould, R.K., Ardoin, N.M., Thomsen, J., and Wyman Roth, N. In press. Environmental Learning and Environmental Behavior in Everyday Life: Exploring connections through case studies. Environmental Education Research.

Niemiec, R.M., Ardoin, N., Brewer, F., Kung, S., Lopez, K. 2018. Fear of Social Sanctions and Increased Neighbor Interaction: Associations with Resident Action to Control the Invasive Little Fire Ant. Society and Natural Resources.

Gould, R.K., Phukan, I., Mendoza, M.E., Ardoin, N.M., Panikkar, B. 2018. Seizing Opportunities to Diversify Conservation. Conservation Letters,

Niemiec, R.M., Asner, G.P., Brodrick, P., Gaertner, J., and Ardoin, N.M. 2018. Scale-Dependence of Environmental and Socioeconomic Drivers of Biological Invasion in Hawai‘i. Landscape and Urban Planning, 169: 70–80.

Reineman, D. and Ardoin, N.M. 2018. Sustainable Tourism and the Management of Nearshore Coastal Places: Place Attachment and Disruption to Surf-Spots. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 26(2): 325–340.

Browning, M.H.E.M., Stern, M.J., Ardoin, N.M., and Heimlich, J.E., 2018. Factors that Contribute to Community Members’ Support of Local Nature Centers. Environmental Education Research, 24(3): 326–342.

Ardoin, N.M., Bowers, A.W., Wyman Roth, N., and Holthuis, N. 2017. Environmental Education and K–12 Student Outcomes: A review and analysis of research. Journal of Environmental Education, 49(1): 1–17.

Biggar, M.T. and Ardoin, N.M. 2017. Community Context, Human Needs, and Transportation Choices: A view across San Francisco Bay Area communities. Journal of Transport Geography, 60: 189–199.

Stern, M.J., Powell, R.B., Frensley, B., and Ardoin, N.M. 2017. What Difference Do Role Models Make? Investigating outcomes at a residential environmental education center. Environmental Education Research,

Niemiec, R.M., Ardoin, N.M., Wharton, C., Brewer, F. 2017. Civic and Natural Place Attachment as Correlates of Resident Invasive Species Control Behavior in Hawaii. Biological Conservation, 209: 415–422.

Khalil, K.A., Ardoin, N.M., and Wojcik, D.J. 2017. Social Learning within a Community of Practice: Investigating interactions about evaluation among zoo education professionals. Evaluation and Program Planning, 61: 45–54.

Cravens, A.E., Ardoin, N.M. 2016. Negotiating Credibility and Legitimacy in the Shadow of an Authoritative Data Source. Ecology and Society, doi: 10.5751/ES-08849-210430.

Khalil, K.A., Ardoin, N.M., and Wojcik, D.J. 2016. The Company You Keep: Networks in a community of informal education evaluators. Studies in Educational Evaluation, 51 (2016) 7–16.

Lukacs, H., Ardoin, N.M, and Grubert, E. 2016. Beyond Formal Groups: Neighboring acts and watershed protection in Appalachia. International Journal of the Commons, doi: 10.18352/ijc.578.

Lincoln, N.K. and Ardoin, N.M. 2016. Farmer Typology in South Kona, Hawai’i: Who is farming, how, and why. Food, Culture, and Society, 19(3): 563-585.

Boudet, H.S., Ardoin, N.M., Flora, J., Armel, K.C., Desai, M., and Robinson, T.R. 2016. Effects of a Behavior Change Intervention for Girl Scouts on Child and Parent Energy-Saving Behaviors. Nature Energy, doi:10.1038/nenergy.2016.91.

Oakes, L.E., Ardoin, N.M., and Lambin, E. 2016. “I know, therefore I adapt?” Complexities of individual adaptation to climate-induced forest dieback in Alaska. Ecology and Society, 21(2): 40.

Gould, R.K., Ardoin, N.M., Biggar, M., Cravens, A.E., and Wojcik, D. 2016. Environmental Behavior’s Dirty Secret: The prevalence of waste management in discussions of environmental concern and action. Environmental Management, doi: 10.1007/s00267-016-0710-6.

Niemiec, R., Ardoin, N.M., Wharton, C., and Asner, G.P. 2016. Motivating Resident Action to Combat Invasive Species on Private Lands: Social norms and community reciprocity. Ecology and Society, 21(2): 30.

Browning, M.H.E.M., Stern, M.J., Ardoin, N.M., and Heimlich, J.E., 2016. Factors That Contribute to Community Members’ Support of Nature Centers. Environmental Education Research, doi: 10.1080/13504622.2016.1217397.

Browning, M.M., Stern, M.J., Heimlich, J.E., Ardoin, N.M., Petty, R, and Charles, C. 2016. Investigating the Sets of Values that Community Members Hold toward Local Nature Centers. Environmental Education Research, doi: 10.1080/13504622.2016.1177713.

Biggar, M.T. and Ardoin, N.M. 2016. More Than Good Intentions: The role of conditions in personal transportation behavior. Local Environment, doi: 10.1080/13549839.2016.1177715.

Stern, M.J., Ardoin, N.M., and Powell, R.B. 2016. Exploring the Effectiveness of Community Engagement Strategies: The case of the TogetherGreen program. Society and Natural Resources, doi: 10.1080/08941920.2016.1164266.

Ardoin, N.M., Clark, C.C., and Wojcik, D. 2016. Looking Toward the Blue Sky: Environmental education researchers’ experience, influences, and aspirations. Applied Environmental Education and Communication, 15(1): 75–89.

Ardoin, N.M., Schuh, J., and Khalil, K. 2016. Environmental Behavior of Visitors to an Informal Science Museum. Visitor Studies, 19(1): 77–95.

Ardoin, N.M., DiGiano, M., O'Connor, K., and Podkul, T. 2016. The Development of Trust in Residential Environmental Education Programs. Environmental Education Research, doi: 10.1080/13504622.2016.1144176.

Ardoin, N.M., Wheaton, M., Hunt, C.A., Schuh, J.S., Durham, W. 2016. Post-trip Philanthropic Intentions of Nature-Based Tourists in Galapagos. Journal of Ecotourism, 15(1): 21–35.

Wheaton, M., Ardoin, N.M., Hunt, C.A., Schuh, J.S., Kresse, M., Menke, C., Durham, W. 2015. Using Web and Mobile Technology to Motivate Pro-Environmental Behavior after a Nature-Based Tourism Experience. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 24(4): 594–615.

Oakes, L.E., Hennon, P.E., Ardoin, N.M., D'Amore, D.V., Ferguson, A.K., Steel, E.A., Wittwer, D.T., Lambin, E.F. 2015. Conservation in a Social-Ecological System Experiencing Climate-Induced Tree Mortality. Biological Conservation 192: 276–285.

Lincoln, N.K., Ardoin, N.M. 2015. Cultivating Values: Environmental values and sense of place as correlates of sustainable agricultural practices. Agriculture and Human Values doi: 10.​1007/​s10460-015-9613-z.

Gould, R.K., Klain, S., Ardoin, N.M., Woodside, U., Hannahs, N., Satterfield, T., Chan, K., Levine, J., and Daily, G.C. 2015. Eliciting Nonmaterial Values with a Protocol for Place-Based Explorations of Cultural Ecosystem Services. Conservation Biology 29(2): 575–586.

Ardoin, N.M., DiGiano, M., O’Connor, K., and Holthuis, N. 2015. Using Online Narratives to Explore Participant Experiences in a Residential Environmental Education Program. Children’s Geographies doi: 10.1080/14733285.2015.1033615.

Ardoin, N.M., Wheaton, M., Bowers, A., Hunt, C.A., Durham, W. 2015. Nature-Based Tourism’s Impact on Environmental Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior: A review and analysis of the literature and potential future research. Journal of Sustainable Tourism doi: 10.1080/09669582.2015.1024258.

Ardoin, N.M., Biedenweg, K., and O'Connor, K. 2015. Evaluation in Residential Environmental Education: An applied literature review of intermediary outcomes. Applied Environmental Education and Communication 14(1), 43–56.

Ardoin, N.M., Gould, R.K., Kelsey, E., and Fielding-Singh, P. 2015. Collaborative and Transformational Leadership in the Environmental Realm. Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning 17(3): 360–380.

[For publications prior to 2015, please see CV.]

Stanford Service:

Sykes Family Faculty Director, Emmett Interdisciplinary Program in Environment and Resources (E-IPER), Stanford University; Member, Executive Committee (E-IPER), School of Earth, Energy, and Environmental Sciences

Member, IRB Administrative Panel on Human Subjects in Non-Medical Research

Faculty Fellow and Steering Committee, Haas Center for Public Service

Member, Provost's Committee on Postdoctoral Affairs

Chair, Environmental Ventures Projects Selection Committee, Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment

Member, Committee of the Whole and Affiliated Faculty, Earth Systems Program, Stanford University

Faculty Lead, Young Environmental Scholars (Interdisciplinary Environmental) Conference for Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Fellows, Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University

Director's Advisory Group, Hasso Plattner Institute of Design (the

Service to the Field:

Associate Editor, Environmental Education Research

Consulting Editor, Journal of Environmental Education; Children, Youth, and Environments

Chair, Education Advisory Council, NatureBridge

Member, Program Committee of the Board, Monterey Bay Aquarium

Advisor, George B. Storer Foundation

Founding Member and Member of the Nonprofit Advisory Board, Blue Sky Funders Forum

Member, Education Advisory Council, Teton Science Schools

Advisory Board Member, VidaVerde Nature Education

Advisory Council Member, North American Association for Environmental Education

Chair, Research Council and Steering Committee Member, ChangeScale (formerly the Environmental Education Collaborative)

Member, Education Operating Committee, Project Learning Tree

Member, Science Advisory Board, Children and Nature Network

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