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Faculty members

Christine Min Wotipka

Photo of Professor Christine Min Wotipka, Stanford Graduate School of Education
Professor Christine Min Wotipka, Stanford Graduate School of Education
Academic Title 
Associate Professor (Teaching)
Other Titles 

Associate Professor (Teaching) of Sociology (by courtesy)

Director, Master's Programs in International Comparative Education and International Education Policy Analysis

Contact Information
EDUC 315
Office hours: Email Prof. Wotipka for details
Program Affiliations 
Race, Inequality, and Language in Education (RILE)
SHIPS (PhD): Higher Education
SHIPS (PhD): Social Sciences in Education
SHIPS (PhD): Sociology of Education
SHIPS (PhD): International Comparative Education

Cross-national analyses of gender, leadership, and higher education, and of representations of women's and children's rights in school textbooks.

Christine Min Wotipka is Associate Professor (Teaching) of Education and (by courtesy) Sociology and Director of the Master’s Program in International Comparative Education (ICE) and International Education Policy Analysis (IEPA) at the Stanford Graduate School of Education. She also serves as co-Resident Fellow at the Education and Society Theme (EAST) House. From 2012-2016, she served as Director of the Program in Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies at Stanford University.

Dr. Wotipka’s research centers around two main themes examined from cross-national and longitudinal approaches. The first relates to diversity and higher education with a focus on gender issues. The second theme, that of citizenship and education, explores how social science curricula, in the form of textbooks, have shifted focus away from the development of national identities to ones that emphasize global citizenship. Her articles have appeared in American Journal of Education, Comparative Education, Comparative Education Review, Compare, Feminist Formations, Gender & Society, International Journal of Comparative Sociology, Social Forces, and Sociology of Education.

In 2010, Dr. Wotipka co-founded the Education and Society Theme (EAST) House – a living-learning space for undergraduates interested in educational research, policy, activism, and teaching. In addition to the applied research methods seminars she leads for the students in the ICE/IEPA master’s program, she also teaches "Gender and Education in Global and Comparative Perspectives" and "Gender and Higher Education: National and International Perspectives." Both courses are cross-listed in Education; Sociology; and Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies.

Dr. Wotipka earned her BA (summa cum laude) in International Relations and French at the University of Minnesota-Twin Cities, and MA in Sociology and PhD in International Comparative Education at Stanford University. Prior to joining the faculty at Stanford, she was an assistant professor at the University of Minnesota-Twin Cities and a visiting assistant professor/global fellow at the University of California, Los Angeles. Between her undergraduate and graduate studies, she served as a United States Peace Corps volunteer in rural northeast Thailand and worked at an economic research firm in Seoul, the Republic of Korea.

"To understand the country’s stance toward gender issues in formal practice, one may examine its school textbooks. Textbooks play vital roles in efforts to deliver high quality education, particularly with growing emphasis on learning outcomes and skill development in countries around the world (Benavot 2011). Textbook content introduces students to ‘legitimate knowledge’: textbooks reflect the power relations, struggles, and compromises among different classes, races, genders, and religious groups (Apple 1992, 2004). As vital parts of the official curriculum, they also promote a hidden curriculum. Textbooks can be used as highly politicised means of indoctrinating children with specific notions of nationhood and what it means to be a citizen of a particular country at different points in time. As such, textbooks play important roles in giving governments the legitimacy they need from their citizens (Williams 2014) and maintaining the state’s dominant narrative (Brehm 2014). Gender identities, too, are constructed through textbooks (Durrani 2008). Granted, children bring in their own perspectives and values when reading texts and viewing illustrations in school textbooks, but this is less the case in teacher-centred classrooms dependent on textbook materials and for more malleable younger students." - From her paper, "The rise, removal, and return of women: gender representations in primary-level textbooks in Afghanistan, 1980–2010" (with Somaye Sarvarzade, in Comparative Education)

  • PhD, International Comparative Education, Stanford University, 2001
  • MA, Sociology, Stanford University, 1999
  • BA (summa cum laude), International Relations and French, University of Minnesota-Twin Cities, 1993

Since 1996

Associate Professor (Teaching) (2010-present)

Assistant Professor (2006-2010)

Visiting Scholar/Assistant Professor (Acting) (2004-2005)

Assistant Professor (Acting) (2001-2003)

Doctoral Student (1996-2001)

Associate Professor (Teaching) of Education and (by courtesy) Sociology (2010-present), Stanford Graduate School of Education

Assistant Professor of Education and (by courtesy) Sociology (2006-2010), Stanford Graduate School of Education

Assistant Professor, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities (2005-2006)

Global Fellow, UCLA International Institute, University of California, Los Angeles (2003-2004)

Director, Master's Program in International Comparative Education, Stanford Graduate School of Education (2001-2003)

Consultant and Associate Director of Programs, MentorNet (2001 & 2004-2005)

English Editor and Writer, Hanwha Group, Republic of Korea (1995-1996)

U.S. Peace Corps Volunteer, Thailand (1993-1995)

  • Applied Research Methods in International and Comparative Education (EDUC 206A-D)
  • Comparative Studies of Educational and Political Systems (EDUC 387)
  • Gender and Education in Global and Comparative Perspectives (EDUC 197 / SOC 134 / FEMGEN 297)
  • Education and Society Theme (EAST) House Seminar (EDUC 100A-C)
  • Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies Workshop (EDUC 370X / FEMGEN 299)
  • Gender and Higher Education: National and International Perspectives (EDUC 173/273 / SOC 173/273 / FEMGEN 173)
  • International Human Rights and Education (EDUC 215X)
  • Master’s Seminar in Social Sciences in Education (EDUC 211)
  • World, Societal, and Educational Change: Comparative Perspective (EDUC 306D)

Current Syllabus: Download PDF

Sharma, Garima and Christine Min Wotipka. 2019. "Mothers' Gendered Aspirations for Their Children: A Case Study of Forbesganj, Bihar." Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education 49, 3: 358-374.

Russell, S. Garnett, Julia C. Lerch, Christine Min Wotipka. 2018. "The Making of a Human Rights Issue: A Cross-National Analysis of Gender-Based Violence in Textbooks, 1950-2011." Gender & Society 32, 5: 713-738.

Wotipka, Christine Min, Mana Nakagawa, and Joseph Svec. 2018. "Global Linkages, the Higher Education Pipeline, and National Contexts: The Worldwide Growth of Women Faculty, 1970-2012." International Journal of Comparative Sociology 59, 3: 212-238.

Sarvarzade, Somaye and Christine Min Wotipka. 2017. “The Rise, Removal, and Return of Women: Gender Representations in Primary-Level Textbooks in Afghanistan, 1980–2010.” Comparative Education 53, 4: 578-599.

Wotipka, Christine Min, Brenda Jarillo Rabling, Minako Sugawara, and Pumsaran Tongliemnak. 2017. “The Worldwide Expansion of Early Childhood Care and Education, 1985–2010.” American Journal of Education 123, 2: 307-339.

Nakagawa, Mana and Christine Min Wotipka. 2016. “The Worldwide Incorporation of Women and Women’s Rights Discourse in Social Science Textbooks, 1970–2008.” Comparative Education Review 60, 3: 501-529.

Hu, Claire, Christine Min Wotipka, and Wen Wen. 2016. “International Students in Chinese Higher Education: Choices, Expectations, and Experiences by Region of Origin.” Pp. 153-178 in Global Perspectives and Local Challenges Surrounding International Student Mobility. K. Bista and C. Foster (eds.). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

Muller, Carol B., Stacy Blake–Beard, Sylvia Barsion, and Christine Min Wotipka. 2012. “Learning from the Experiences of Women of Color in MentorNet’s One–on–One Program.” Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering 18, 4: 317-338.

Schrader, Corbin Elizabeth and Christine Min Wotipka. 2011. “History Transformed? Gender in the World War II Narratives in U.S. History Textbooks, 1956-2007.” Feminist Formations 23, 3: 68-88.

Ramirez, Francisco O., John W. Meyer, and Christine Min Wotipka. 2009. “Globalization, Citizenship, and Education: The Rise and Spread of Cosmopolitan, Multicultural, and Individual Empowerment Frames.” Peruvian Education Review 1: 163-180.

Wotipka, Christine Min and Kiyoteru Tsutsui. 2008. “Global Human Rights and State Sovereignty: Nation–States’ Ratifications of International Human Rights Treaties, 1965–2001.” Sociological Forum 23, 4: 724-754.

Wotipka, Christine Min and Francisco O. Ramirez. 2008. “Women’s Studies as a Global Innovation.” Pp. 89-110 in The Worldwide Transformation of Higher Education. D. P. Baker and A. W. Wiseman (eds.). Amsterdam: Elsevier JAI Press. [Best Book Award for 2008–2009, Comparative and International Education Society Higher Education SIG]

Wotipka, Christine Min and Francisco O. Ramirez. 2008. “World Society and Human Rights: An Event History Analysis of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.” Pp. 303–343 in The Global Diffusion of Markets and Democracy. B. A. Simmons, F. Dobbin, and G. Garrett (eds.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wotipka, Christine Min, Francisco O. Ramirez, and Capitolina Díaz Martínez. 2007. “A Transnational Analysis of the Rise and Institutionalization of Women’s Studies.” Revista Española de Sociología 117: 35-59.

Moon, Hyeyoung and Christine Min Wotipka. 2006. “The Worldwide Diffusion of Professional Management Education.” Pp. 121-136 in Globalization and Organization: World Society and Organizational Change. G. S. Drori, J. W. Meyer, and H. Hwang (eds.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

At Stanford University:

Associate Professor (Teaching) of Education and (by courtesy) Sociology

Director of the Master’s Program in International Comparative Education (ICE) and International Education Policy Analysis (IEPA)

Resident Fellow, Education and Society Theme House (2010-present) and East Asian Studies Theme House (2006-2010)

Faculty Affiliate, Fellow, and Advisory Board Member, Clayman Institute for Gender Research (2006-present)

Faculty Affiliate, Asian American Studies (2007-present)

Director, Program in Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies (2012-2016) and Faculty Affiliate (2008-present)

Faculty Affiliate, Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law (2009-present)

Faculty Affiliate, Center for Comparative Studies in Race and Ethnicity (2009-present)

Faculty Advisory Board, Handa Center for Human Rights and International Justice, 2019-present

Annual meetings of the American Educational Research Association, American Sociological Association, and Comparative and International Education Society

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